Of course I had to check the translation. Not knowing Russian myself, I pasted parts of Andrey's translation into Google translate. Here's my ideas on checked exceptions, after translation into Russian by a human and back to English by Google:
"Checked exceptions were unsuccessful experiment. Java code because they only swell, nothing is not contributing to a better handling errors. Worse, checked exceptions are present headache for support on the border between layers of abstractions. Introduction of new types of exceptions should not lead to re!"
I couldn't have said it better myself. That's exactly how I feel when reading code littered with catch blocks.